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Photo Galleries

Modern slavery in photographs. Click on any photo essay title below to open the entire story.

Slave Labor

Estimates vary regarding what percentage of modern slavery is represented by forced labor in the product supply chain. What is universally agreed upon, however, is that forced labor involves millions of people worldwide and touches the lives of everyone through consumer products. The vast majority of slaves today are in Asia and Africa. However, modern slavery has been documented in every country on the planet except Greenland and Iceland. [9 photos]

Bitter Chocolate

The Ivory Coast is the world's leading producer of cocoa, the raw ingredient for chocolate, and is responsible for about 36 percent of global exports. The cocoa trade of the Ivory Coast is mired with the exploitation of children, war and corrupt profits for Ivorian officials and big Western chocolate businesses. It is estimated that a quarter of a million children work in hazardous conditions on Ivorian cocoa farms, in spite of a pledge by the world's largest chocolate companies more than seven years ago to abolish forced child labor from their supply chain. [20 photos]

At Risk, Rescued and Sheltered

Rescue is only the first step in the long road to recovery and reintegration to society. Often fearing for their lives, former slaves need safe shelter; comprehensive, specialized care; and educational opportunities and/or job skills training to ensure they complete the journey to wholeness and regain their dignity. Sadly, many victims of sexual exploitation sometimes return to the brothels or their pimps when they see no other way forward. [12 photos]

Combating Child Labor in the Afghan Carpet Sector

Founded in 1994, GoodWeave works to end child labor and trafficking in the rug industry and to support weaving communities around the world. Building on its nearly 20 years of experience in India and Nepal, GoodWeave expanded to Afghanistan in 2011. At the time, many people said GoodWeave couldn't succeed in this war-torn country. Today, GoodWeave is proving them wrong, and the very first certified Afghan rug reached the market this winter. The following images will provide you with an overview of the Afghan carpet sector and how GoodWeave's supply chain monitoring program is reaching children and women weavers hidden in home-based looms. [15 photos]

Sexual Exploitation

The photos in this gallery were taken to illustrate the U.S. State Department's annual report on "Trafficking in Persons," required under the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. This report serves as the primary diplomatic tool through which the U.S. government encourages other countries to help fight forced labor, sexual exploitation and modern-day slavery. [9 photos]

The Impact of Empowering Education on Child/Forced Marriage

Every year, an estimated 14 million girls worldwide under 18 are married without their consent. This practice – child/forced marriage – increases a girl’s vulnerability to health risks, domestic violence and poverty. It also severely limits her access to education and economic opportunities. Tostan, an international NGO headquartered in Senegal, works with communities to share factual information on hygiene and health, human rights and democracy. Tostan also teaches skills in literacy, numeracy, problem-solving and project management, among other topics. Their three-year holistic education program enables communities to make connections between child/forced marriage and its harmful consequences, providing them with a basis to abandon the practice. [7 photos]

Restaveks: Haitian Slave Children

In modern Haiti more than 300,000 children are victims of domestic slavery. In Haitian Creole they are called "restaveks" from the French "rester avec" meaning "stay with." Many parents, who live in poverty, are unable to feed their children and give them away to more affluent families, hoping that their child will live in better conditions and will be able to get an education. But, with few exceptions, these children become slaves working in the homes of their "masters" from early morning till night. Many of the restaveks are not permitted to go to school and are exposed to domestic and sexual violence. [20 photos]

The Grassroots Approach to Child Protection in Senegal

In Senegal, thousands of young boys called 'talibés' are sent from their homes in rural communities to Koranic schools in cities, called 'daaras,' to learn the tenets of Islam. Students, under the guidance of the 'marabout,' or religious teacher, spend time begging as a way to learn humility. In some daaras, however, what was once intended as an educational tool gradually became a tool for exploitation. Tostan, an international NGO, addresses this problem at its source by engaging rural communities in child protection programs that build awareness around the moral, social and legal norms that affect children. [8 photos]

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